The term Hessian refers to eighteenth century German regiments in service with the British Empire that fought against the American colonists during the American Revolutionary War. At the end of the war, the German Prince who owned the army advised Britain that he did not want the soldiers returned to him as he had already replaced them and would have to pension them off. The British accepted these soldiers as settlers in Nova Scotia but listed them all as "deserters" which was untrue.
Nova Scotian Oickles, Oicles, Oikles are descended from Johan Eichel, a Hessian mercenary.
George Oickle, grandson of John (Johann George Eickle) the Hessian mercenary. Click on photo to see larger image.