Conrad History

 

You will see many spellings of the Conrad name. In German, it was pronounced Coon-rod. Hence, it was often scribed in this country as Conrod. You will also see spellings such as Conradt, Conrod, Konradt, etc. See bottom of page for more on this.

The Conradt name means "One who is considered to be a bold, aggressive counselor". It was written this way originally and only later changed by some german families to Konrad. The earliest ancestor we can trace on my Conrad side is Matthias Conrad, a coachman by trade, who arrived in the small village of Kleinhuebach am Main in 1563 along with other draymen with a load of wood to rebuild the local church which was built in 1454 and destroyed by French attacks in the thirty years war. He stayed and married a local girl. Matthias was born about 1535 and many Canadian and American Conrads'/Conrods' are descended from him. Earlier ancestral records seem to have been destroyed. Should anyone find anything, please let me know. I will certainly pass on to you all anything I find. The Conrad's not descended from Johann Matthias are descended from Johann Jacob. See more on my Conrad Lines page.

The Conrad/Conrod Book

I have always had an interest in my family tree but it was not until I had the good fortune of having my sister give me a copy of the "Conrad" book compiled and written by my distant cousin Scott Winston Teal. He has been compiling information since he was ten and thankfully did his Conrad side as he was doing his Teal side. It is an absolute wealth of genealogical data regarding the Conrads and their families and I highly recommend it. I owe much thanks to Scott and his work.

Matthias and Jacob: Contains the family of Johann Jacob Conrad, the Lawrencetown family and those Conrads descended from Johann Lorentz Conrad whose family settled primarily in the Upper LaHave and Bridgewater, Lunenburg County area. It goes back to Kleinhuebach am Maine, Germany in the 1500's.

The Family of Johann Nicolaus Conrad: The family that settled in Lunenburg county in the villages of Cherry Hill, Voglers Cove(formerly Conrads Cove), East Port Medway and South Range.

The Family of Johann George Conrad: The family that settled at Lunenburg County in villages of Rosebay and Broad Cove and in Halifax County at St. Margaret's Bay and the Three Fathom Harbour areas. Some also went to Chezzetcook, NS. On June 30, 1784, George Conrad was given a land grant of 1055 acres by King George III. George lived on an island off the coast of Lunenburg. The island was given the name Conrads Island and it still bears that name. George died on the island in 1809.

The Family of Johann Caspar Conrad: The most widespread brance of the family. They account for the majority of the family at Conrod Settlement and at Chezzetcook in Halifax County - in Lunenburg County at Mount Pleasant - as well the Conrads who settled in Queen County during the 1800's. Many descendants are in the United States.

To the right are the some links to the actual Conrad records from the church in Kleinheuback. Click on them for a larger image or right click to download.


Conrad/Conradt Spelling - There are several people who say the spelling is Conradt. I have wondered where this came from. The only incidence that I can see where the name could be construed is the witchcraft document signed by both Hans Heinrich and Anna Maria. Hans's signature does infer Conradt. But, have a look at the D d in the Sütterlin alphabet which is patterned from the old Chancellory alphabet. You see that the d looks like dt. Also, check the original church records page 1 and page 2. The signature of Anna and Hanns is the only example that I see of the name being Conradt. It is quite possible that Matthias spelled the family name as Conradt and it was recorded as Conrad on the church records. The choice is yours but I do not believe the generations after Hanns Heinrich and Anna could be considered as Conradts. Nowhere, have I ever seen the name spelled Konrad or Konradt. Konrad spelled with a K only started in recent times.

Here is an interesting submission by descendant and linguistics student Tracy Lothian-Redden:

I am also a descendent of the Kleinheubach Conrads who settled in Lunenburg in 1753. I was recently looking at some family history with my mother and came across your site. I noticed that you were curious about why the different spellings of Conrad emerged throughout the centuries. I can perhaps give you a plausible explanation as to why the orthography is sometimes expressed as "Conradt".
 I am a Linguistics student and have been learning about rules in Phonology, and one rule I have encountered from German is called "Final Obstruent Devoicing", but allow me to back up for a moment.
In phonetics, we learn that some sounds are "voiced" - that is, they employ the activation of the vocal cords, and some are voiceless. Compare a [k] sound, with a [g] sound - the first is voiceless, the second is accompanied by active voicing (if you put your hand on your throat when you alternate between the sounds, you can feel the vibrations from the voiced version). The same is true of the pairs [t] / [d]; [p] /[b], etc.
Back to "Final Obstruent devoicing": in German, when a word ends with a letter which represents what is usually a voiced sound (b, g, or d, especially), a native German speaker will "devoice" the sound. So, a word like "Tag" (which means "day") is pronounced like    "ta[k]". Now, when you have a name like "Conrad", it would have been pronounced with a devoiced version of [d] at the end, thus more like "Conra[t]" (ignoring, for now, the different pronunciation of the other sounds). What likely happened then is that the English clerks who were reading the names on lists, and then hearing the unexpected pronunciations of the final letter said something to the effect of "Is spelled with a d? or is it a t? I don't know - just put down both and let them figure it out". Of course, that is just speculation on my part, but I suspect there is something in it.